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By D. David Hebebrand
Moats & Hebebrand CPAs 

Are you eligible for these tax deductions?

Your Tax Preparer

 

February 18, 2023

D. David Hebebrand CPA.

Proving tax deductions without cancelled checks

There is a growing trend toward remote deposit of checks. Because of the increasing sophistication of smartphones, you can now photograph a check written out to you and digitally send it to your bank for deposit. Most banks discontinued the practice of retaining a paper version or copy of your checks. Banks are allowed to truncate each of your checks, create a new electronic negotiable instrument called a substitute check and then destroy the originals.

This industry change has important tax consequences for taxpayers who previously used checks to substantiate their expenses or charitable contributions. But the bottom line is that you are allowed to use a substitute check as proof of payment because it is legally the same as the original check. The IRS, therefore, must accept your substitute check as proof of payment.

Many individuals have switched to online banking. If so the IRS will accept image statements of substitute checks as proof of payment. If, however, an IRS auditor is suspicious that the image statement is not genuine, you may still be requested to order the actual substitute check from your bank. This will be a rare instance, however, and will likely occur only if you are audited. As an additional precaution, we suggest that you download and print out your bank statements at the end of the year. That way, even if you are audited several years from now, you'll have a record that's easy to access.

If you still rely on paper bank statement and paper copies of your checks, keep them in good order. The IRS will still accept bank statements that contain images of cancelled checks and/or substitute checks' to be used as proof. The account statement must show check number, amount, payee's name and the date the check was posted. In order to keep track of your payments more easily for tax purposes, you should also continue to or begin to maintain a careful check register. That way, you'll know on which bank statement to look if you are ever audited.

Can I deduct car expenses for business, medical and charitable purposes?

Yes, and the easiest method to deduct your car expenses is to use the standard mileage rates set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). For 2022 you are allowed to deduct 58.5 cents per mile for business mileage from Jan. 1 through June 30, 62.5 cents per mile from July 1 through Dec. 31. The medical milage rate is .18 cents per mile from January 1 through June 30 and $22 cents per mile from July 1 through Dec. 31. The use of these rates simplifies your record keeping since you do not have to keep track of gas/oil, repairs, insurance and license amounts, nor do you have to set a ratio of business to personal use of your vehicle. You are only required to keep a record of the miles driven (date, distance, purpose). A mileage log book or spreadsheet will suffice. I have yet to understand why the IRS will allow less deduction for driving your car for medical appointments, to move, or perform charitable services than it will for a business expense. To deduct the medical or charitable auto expenses, you will need to itemize your deductions.

Please do not hesitate to call our office regarding these matters.

Moats & Hebebrand CPAs is located at 20231 Valley Blvd., Ste. E, Tehachapi or call (661) 822-1750.

 
 

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